Interim Distribution Maps - Peninsula Edition 4
Click here to go straight to the Distribution Maps.
The Cape Peninsula remains one of the best atlassed regions in southern Africa: 16 per cent of all Sight Record Sheets (SRS) received by the Protea Atlas Project come from here. Some 4 169 SRS have been sent in by 74 atlassers, amounting to 17 396 records of proteas. Of the 48 species indigenous to the Cape Peninsula (including the three Hakea spp), only five remain to be recorded after our seventh year: all of these are almost certainly extinct in the area! Congratulations and thanks to all those who have helped to achieve this success.
SRS have been submitted by these Atlassers.
Since our last IDM in 1994, two differences in the most frequently recorded species on the Cape Peninsula can be noted. Firstly, the Green Tree Pincushion has usurped the two common Conebushes as the most recorded species at just 1 SRS short of 2 000 records. Secondly, the Valley Spiderhead has entered the top 10 proteas, usurping the Common Ground Sugarbush into position number "11". Only 11 species have been recorded more than 500 times to date.
Table 1: Species with more than 500 records
Five species appear to be extinct on the Peninsula, and have not been recorded (not even from planted specimens) in the area, although Spatalla curvifolia probably never occurred on the Peninsula. Two species (Se inconspicua & Se aemula foeniculacea) have only been recorded less than 10 times. In fact, together with the three species recorded less than 20 times, these are all known from single location on the Cape Peninsula. Some were probably more common in the past.
Table 2: Rarely recorded species:
More details are given under the specific species accounts, including details of some problems we would like you to help us solve. Information is also given on hybrids (page 4), planted species (page 4) and problematic data (after the species accounts). Gaps requiring visits are detailed on (page 5). Please help us to fill all the gaps!
How to Use These Maps
Each map comprises the same basic elements.
The background comprising:
The Protea Atlas Project data comprise:
The accompanying text outlines some important diagnostic information, where the species is known from historically, where it has been atlassed and any pointers as to where it may profitably be visited should more data be required.
Some points to bear in mind:
Apart from the general gaps there are some species which require more attention. If you live on the Peninsula you may wish to see a certain species, perhaps to acquaint yourself with its features, or to locate a new colony, or simply because you wish to see all the proteas which occur on the Cape Peninsula. Thus it is the rarer species for which the Protea Atlas Project's data base is the most useful for conservation purposes.
And then there are Protea Atlas queries that need to be checked out. These involve going to atlassed sites and checking the data. Based on your input we can correct our maps. Sometimes all we require is confirmation. Other times herbarium records are called for. [If you need to know more on how to collect such material, please contact us.] Validation of queried information is an important task for keeping our data base relevant. Unlike the bird atlas (birds fly away and cannot be "revisited") and other atlasses (where "grid square" rather than detailed locality data are noted) we can easily verify our records. However, we need to do so before fires rejuvenate the veld. Some urgency should thus be afforded to verification. This is best done during the species' flowering times. Again, this task involves detective work. If this aspect of atlassing interests you, then please contact us for further details of sites to be visited.
Please feel free to ask the office for details of any area you intend visiting. We may
know of some some data requiring verification, some odd record or rumour which requires
detective work, some rare Ericas or Brunias (we have a "hitlist" for Erica) or
other plants which scientists want found, all of which may make your hike more
interesting, exciting and enjoyable.
You probably know of areas where Proteas occur which are not shown on the maps. If you do, then you are aware of information that will help us to conserve our flora. Please atlas it or contact us. Remember, every little item is useful and will be used. Nothing will be discarded.
Some 13 hybrids have been recorded to date. These are:
Planted and Escapes
Some 60 species have been recorded as planted or possibly planted. Many of these are
species that are widespread off the Cape Peninsula. Others are re-introductions or
localized plantings. Those species alien to the Cape Peninsula but now growing here
The majority of these are on the Else Peak slopes above Fish Hoek, Lion's Rump and
around the Silvermine Dam.
Too many places are mentioned in the text to provide a map of all of them. Those
requiring more information are accompanied by coordinates under queries. Further details
can be found on the following 1:50 000 maps (available from Dept of Surveys &
Please note for your safety that it is unwise to walk on our mountains without these maps or a suitable equivalent. It goes without saying that unless you can use the maps under adverse conditions they are practically useless.
The Peninsula is fairly well covered to date. The following areas require additional data to cover the gaps.
The following areas are considered priority atlassing areas in that they allow the atlassing of many species for phenological purposes. We would appreciate it if you might consider atlassing some of the sites over the next twelve months.
Kenilworth Race Course: Di prot, Ld levi, Se glom.
Karbonkelberg: Se coll, Se cyan - watch out for the Ld xanthoconus-coniferum hybrids.
Rondevlei Nature Reserve: Ld levi, Se aemu f, & Se tril. The southern extension should be explored.
Silvermine Nature Reserve: - Nellies Pool to Bachelors Cove -look out for Au canc south of the path.
Rooikrans: Se coll f, Se cyan, Pr niti d.
Swartkopberg upper and mid eastern slopes, especially round Block House Gap: Se coll f, Se inco, & Se hirs.
January: All three Hakeas, Ld coniferum, Ld floridum, Mi hirtus, Pr nitida dwarf, Pr scolymocephala, Se collina f, Se cyanoides, Se glomerata, Se hirsuta, Se inconspicua.
February: Au cancellata, Ha gibbosa, Ha sericea, Ld argenteum, Ld spissifolium, Ls conocarpodendron conocarpodendron, Ls hypophyllocarpodendron, Mi cucullatus, Pr burchellii, Pr nitida dwarf, Se collina f, Se inconspicua.
March: Br stellatifolium, Ha gibbosa, Ld argenteum, Se collina, Se cyanoides, Se inconspicua.
April: Ha drupacea, Ha gibbosa, Ld floridum, Mi cucullatus, Mi hirtus, Se collina, Se decumbens, Se hirsuta, Se inconspicua
May: Au cancellata, Br stellatifolium, Ha gibbosa, Ld argenteum, Ld floridum, Mi hirtus, Pr grandiceps, Se collina, Se hirsuta.
June: Ha gibbosa, Ha sericea, Ld argenteum, Ld floridum, Ld macowanii, Mi hirtus, Pr burchellii, Pr grandiceps, Se collina, Se decumbens, Se hirsuta, Se inconspicua.
July: Au cancellata, Ha gibbosa, Ld coniferum, Se decumbens, Se hirsuta, Se inconspicua.
August: Au cancellata, Br stellatifolium, Ld argenteum, Ld floridum, Ld spissifolium, Pr nitida dwarf, Se collina, Se decumbens, Se hirsuta, Se inconspicua.
September: Au cancellata, Br stellatifolium, Ld argenteum, Ld floridum, Ls conocarpodendron conocarpodendron, Mi cucullatus, Mi hirtus, Pr coronata, Se collina, Se decumbens, Se hirsuta, Se inconspicua.
October: Au cancellata, Br stellatifolium, Ha drupacea, Ld argenteum, Ld strobilinum, Mi cucullatus, Mi hirtus, Pr coronata, , Se hirsuta, Se inconspicua.
November: Au cancellata, Di divaricata, Ld coniferum, Ld floridum, Ld laureolum, Ld macowanii, Ld spissifolium, Ls hypophyllocarpodendron, Mi hirtus Pr grandiceps, Pr nitida dwarf, Se collina, Se decumbens, Se hirsuta, Se inconspicua.
December: Au cancellata, Di divaricata, Ld floridum, Ld laureolum, Ld macowanii, Ld spissifolium, Ls hypophyllocarpodendron, Mi hirtus, Pr nitida dwarf, Pr scolymocephala, Se collina, Se decumbens, Se inconspicua.
Please state that you are checking data in the Additional Remarks box. Further details, in addition to those under the species accounts, are available on the web page.
Please note that these checks are not always simple. Sometimes the obvious answers are already recorded on the SRS being queried. Ideally please request a complete SRS listing before visiting these sites. These are available on request.
WAN97061601 340990S 182574E 80m Circular walk from parking place to concrete dam to lookout.
WAN97062101 340452S 182406E 540m Circular path begin/end at parking place at dam.
Ld coniferum: could these be Ld xanthoconus
NGF93110601 340549S 182583E 330m 100 m E pine plantation in Silvermine N R NE of Wolfkop
NGF93111401 340604S 182721E 400m Military antenna installation Muizenberg mntn on rd to peaks
NGF93111402 340655S 182717E 360m on path in Mimetes Valley
NGF94010101 340554S 182416E 350m 1km WNW of Bokkop on firebreak
WAN97100101 340462S 182216E 300m Circular walk/ jeeptrek from parkingplace to concretdam to outlook
WAN97100201 340462S 182216E 500m Circular walk from fireoutlook to turn off to Blackburn Ravine # 2
Ld floridum: herbarium records please:
CNR95032003 341785S 182687E 150m 350 m from main rd S of first turnoff for Circular Drive
CRS95020803 341853S 182701E 95m On N bank of small dam on road to Bordjiesdrif
NSC94120401 340103S 182243E 40m Erf along valley rd 1km SW from rd end Hout Bay
Ld laureolum: could these be Ld strobilinum
AKS93072201 335968S 182458E 740m Summit Klassenkop
APE94080701 340073S 182400E 250m Reservior slopes facing South
JID95013104 340059S 182113E 200m Along edge of pine plantation
NSC94122701 340053S 182120E 230m West end of f/b towards east end & row of pines
NSC94122706 340028S 182069E 100m Below road in river N of Llundudno entrance
NSC94122707 340028S 182066E 40m Just above sewage works
WIJ93092606 340220S 181975E 510m Karbonkelberg along path between Suther Pk and R
Ld levisanus what can this be?
WAN97100101 340462S 182216E 300m Circular walk from parking place to concrete dam to lookout.
Ld spissifolium: could these be Ld salignum?
ASP94061201 340600S 182609E 350m No details: Klein Tuinkop - Muizenberg Mountains
CVV95100801 340895S 182265E 230m No details: Noordhoek Estate - Chapmans Peak
WIJ92042602 340870S 182033E 100m 1 km along path St Josephs church to peak 181 near Kommetjie
Ls conocarpodendron high on Table Mountain. How high do the two subspecies grow on the mountain?
AGR92020711 335841S 182435E 780m Slopes hill N of Woodhead overseer's house Table Mountain
AKS92080602 340308S 182288E 800m Route from path to summit up NW slope Constantiaberg
Mi cucullatus:: is this perhaps Mi fimbriifolius?
FBH96031606 341612S 182423E 60m Olifantsbosch 1056 1.8km NE of wreck of Nolloth
NGF94011502 341574S 182448E 100m 500m NW of Sirkelsvlei on firebreak
NSC94091704 340308S 182203E 120m Below old mine road to Chapmans P drive [N]
NSC94092406 340346S 182029E 170m Near Houtbay
NSC94092501 340357S 182248E 360m Towards end of road up side of C/P stream to bend
NSC95120305 340151S 182413E 500m S slopes above Constantiabergs SAFCOL plantations
PGD94021102 341613S 182500E 90m SW corner of Sirkelsvlei
JAT95081602 340905S 182597E 120m Above Glencairn Heights
NGF96122801 340577S 182554E 270m Silvermine Rapekraal 919 on rd S Wolfkop + SSW Sh 446m
WAN97100101 340462S 182216E 300m Circular walk/ jeeptrek from parkingplace to concretdam to outlook
Pr neriifolia possibly Pr lepidocarpodendron
MIT98072601 340562S 182722E 320m No details given: Below Lakeside Ridge
MIT98072602 340551S 182674E 380m No details given: Below Lakeside Ridge Boyes Drive sh573m
MIT98072603 340627S 182750E 300m No details given: Below Lakeside Ridge 0.4km N Pecks Valley.
WAN97071201 340541S 182523E 280m Turnoff Ou Kaapse Weg to entrance Silvermine Forest Reserve
Pr nitida d are these not the normal form of Pr nitida?
AJT93032705 340322S 182306E 880m Little valley nr top SW Constantiaberg summit
AJT93041810 340300S 181977E 240m Track S Kapteinspiek
AJT93041811 340300S 182000E 150m Track S Kapteinspiek
AJT94040902 340300S 181977E 240m Track S Kapteinspiek
AJT94040907 340292S 181965E 300m SW of rd cliff above Brako
AJT95020402 340300S 181977E 240m Track s Kapteinspiek
AJT95020404 340292S 181965E 300m SW of rd cliff above Brako
AKS93100704 335851S 182310E 450m Lower 3 firs path just above Pipe Track on Spring Buttress
APE93112701 340280S 181985E 350m Sandy slope in bend of rd west of Kapteinspiek
ASP94073102 340167S 182013E 300m Half way up track to Suthers Peak
CBE93091901 335965S 182487E 650m Cliff n-side stream Cecilia Rav nr top
JID95013103 340046S 182123E 260m Path up Llandudno crnr from where it leaves pine windbreak
NGF93120501 340124S 182397E 430m N slope of Vlakkenberg on path from Constantia Nek
NGF93122701 340124S 182397E 430m N slope of Vlakkenberg on path from Constantia Nek
NGF94091002 340571S 182726E 300m P path above Boyes Drive in unnamed valley SE Lakeside ridge
NSC94071001 340086S 182412E 250m Foot path up to Flakkenburg
NSC94071002 340108S 182406E 360m Foot path up to Flakkenburg
NSC94122703 340041S 182127E 300m Path up to Houtbay corner ridge from f/b up
PGD93091503 340696S 182694E 320m On right of path from Nellies Pool to Jacobs Ladder
Se collina: please follow up leads from the following. Remember to code the
creeping form as Se coll f.
AJT93041801 340205S 181961E 550m S slope Suther Peak
AJT94100201 340205S 181961E 550m S slope Suther Peak
CVV94091504 340808S 182320E 220m No details provided - N Rooikrans Pk
Se decumbens: (Herbarium record required)
PVR93061205 340884S 182315E 240m Near junction of footpath and track
WIJ94060403 341860S 182600E 100m Gt Blouberg Rd
WIJ94060406 341550S 182750E 140m Cape Point rd 0.2 km S Smitswinkel Bay turnoff on W side of rd
WIJ96011301 341610S 182480E 100m Olifantsbosch 1056 w of Sirkelsvlei
Se villosa is this Se glomerata?
Species for Special Attention
We are desperately short on data for the following species. We should like to have records of additional locations, and more data from existing locations for seasonal data on flowering and growth.
The very rare proteas on the Peninsula.
Se aemula foeniculacea, Se inconpicua & Se trilopha.
The Peninsula endemics:
Ld macowanii, Ls conocarpodendron conocarpo-dendron, Se collina, Se cyanoides, Se decumbens, Se hirsuta.
Any suggestions and ideas for improving the IDM and its usefulness to you will be gratefully appreciated.
Where is Spatalla curvifolia?
The report of Spatalla from Table Mountain is almost certainly an error. No herbarium record exists to back up this claim.
But assuming that there might perhaps be some truth in the claim where might one look. Sp curvifolia White-stalked Unispoon tends to be a social species, occurring in stands which are unlikely to be easily overlooked. It also flowers all year round! The most likely spots are the mid-lower eastern slopes of Table Mountain from Orangekloof to Devils Peak.
The Protea Atlas Project offers various other services to persons wishing to atlas proteas. These include:
For those with access to computers we have the following additional features:
We wish to thank all the atlassers for their effort and time spent hunting down proteas. We trust that they will continue enjoying atlassing! They are the real authors and editors of this work.
To those amateurs who have helped with the project, but have not yet sent in any data, we thank you while awaiting your SRS.
To the Conservation Officials, both of the old regimes and the new, many thanks for putting up with us walking all over your reserves. We hope that you will find this data useful, and that you will continue helping to set a sound foundation for monitoring the veld and assessing conservation options in the Peninsula.
The South African National Parks are thanked for their assistance with printing the Interim Distribution Maps, and providing the map of the CPPNE. We look forward to their increased involvement in the project as their field rangers get to grips with the Proteaceae and other fynbos elements.
The volunteers who have checked the coordinates, ensured that your data are correctly captured, and have helped us to keep in contact with you by helping to manage the office, deserve a special thanks. Kathy Hitchins, David Louw, Lyn McCallum, Peter Ross, Ruth Smart, and Chris Van Vuuren
Our staff, Val Charlton - coordinator, secretary and organizer par excellence, Lufthia Frieslaar and Ismail Ebrahim who joined us as "Starfish" keep the entire show on the road - very many thanks.
Very many thanks- we will see you in the hills
Tony & Pat Rebelo (editors)