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Shale Sugarbushes - Proteas


Dagger-leaf Sugarbush - Protea mucronifolia
Dagger-leaf Sugarbush - Photo: F du Randt Habit: An erect shrub up to 1m tall
Fire survival: Killed, only seeds survive
Sexual system: Both sexes in each flower
Flowers: October - January, mainly November - December
Pollinator: Insects, probably mainly wasps
Fruit: Retained in seedhead, only released after fire
Seed dispersal: Wind
Seed storage: In seedheads on plant
Rarity status: Vulnerable, only one population of a few thousand plants
Habitat: Gravelly Klipheuwel soils, 80m
Distribution: VoŽlvlei Dam

Swartland Sugarbush - Protea odorata
Swartland Sugarbush - Photo: Nigel Forshaw Habit: An erect shrub up to 1.2m tall
Fire survival: Killed, only seeds survive
Sexual system: Both sexes in each flower
Flowers: February - June, mainly March and April
Pollinator: Insects, probably mainly wasps
Fruit: Retained in seedhead, only released after fire
Seed dispersal: Wind
Seed storage: In seedheads on plant
Rarity status: Endandgered, only one population of about 30 plants remains
Habitat: Saline Klipheuwel gravels mixed with sand, 120-150m
Distribution: Malmesbury Flats from Klapmuts to Kalbaskraal

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