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Sandveld Pincushions - Leucospermum


Redelinghuis Pincushion - Leucospermum arenarium

Redelinghuis Pincushion - Photo: Nick Helme Habit: Low shrub up to 0.75m tall
Fire survival: Killed, only seeds survive
Sexual system: Both sexes in each flower
Flowers: July - November
Pollinator: Insects
Fruit: Released 2 months after flowering
Seed dispersal: Ants
Seed storage:Underground in ants nests
Rarity status: Endangered due to agriculture, occurs on two farms
Habitat: Sandy flats, 0-300m
Distribution: Sandveld flats between Aurora and Redelinghuis

Green Snake-stem Pincushion - Leucospermum hypophyllocarpodendron hypophyllocarpodendron

Green Snake-stem Pincushion - Photo: Nigel Forshaw Habit: Prostrate shrub up to 0.2m tall
Fire survival: Killed, only seeds survive
Sexual system: Both sexes in each flower
Flowers: August - January
Pollinator: Insects - flowerheads have a rose-like fragrance
Fruit: Released 2 months after flowering
Seed dispersal: Ants
Seed storage: Underground in ants nests
Rarity status: Not threatened
Habitat: Sandy flats, 0-300m
Distribution: Cape Peninsula, Cape Flats - Berg River Valley, Elim Flats

Grey Snake-stem Pincushion - Leucospermum hypophyllocarpodendron canaliculatum

Grey Snake-stem Pincushion - Photo: Nigel Forshaw Habit: Prostrate shrub up to 0.2m tall
Fire survival: Killed, only seeds survive
Sexual system: Both sexes in each flower
Flowers: August - January
Pollinator: Insects - flowerheads have a rose-like fragrance
Fruit: Released 2 months after flowering
Seed dispersal: Ants
Seed storage: Underground in ants nests
Rarity status: Not threatened
Habitat: Deep, white, recent sands, 0-200m
Distribution: Piketberg, Hopefield and Cape Flats to Milnerton and Kraaifontein, Breede River Valley near Brandvlei

Malmesbury Pincushion - Leucospermum parile

Malmesbury Pincushion - Photo: Nigel Forshaw Habit: Erect to semi-erect shrub up to 1.5m tall
Fire survival: Killed, only seeds survive
Sexual system: Both sexes in each flower
Flowers: July - November
Pollinator: Insects
Fruit: Released 2 months after flowering
Seed dispersal: Ants
Seed storage:Underground in ants nests
Rarity status: Vulnerable due to Agriculture and alien acacias
Habitat: Sandveld of tertiary and recent origin, 30-170m
Distribution: Flats around Dassenberg Hill

Common Sandveld Pincushion - Leucospermum rodolentum

Common Sandveld Pincushion - Photo: Nigel Forshaw Habit: An erect to sprawling shrub up to 3m tall
Fire survival: Killed, only seeds survive
Sexual system: Both sexes in each flower
Flowers: August - November
Pollinator: Insects
Fruit: Released 2 months after flowering
Seed dispersal: Ants
Seed storage:Underground in ants nests
Rarity status: Extinct south Kalabaskraal, often encountered as dense stands
Habitat: Tertiary and recent sand flats, 0-300m
Distribution: Sandveld, Hopefield and Cape Flats from Heerenlogementsberg to Kraaifontein

Saldanha Pincushion - Leucospermum tomentosus

Saldanha Pincushion - Photo: David Osborne Habit: Erect to semi-erect shrub up to 1m tall
Fire survival: Killed, only seeds survive
Sexual system: Both sexes in each flower
Flowers: June - November
Pollinator: Insects
Fruit: Released 2 months after flowering
Seed dispersal: Ants
Seed storage:Underground in ants nests
Rarity status: Vulnerable due to ploughing and water extraction from its habitat
Habitat: Tertiary and recent sand flats near sea, 0-80m
Distribution: Hopefield flats from Hopefield and Vredunburg to Bokbaai

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